April2015

The Future of Photography

Since its birth and for around 100 years, photography hasn’t really changed that much if you think about it. You had a box with a lens attached which streams light in and records it onto a film plane and now onto a digital sensor

The Future of Photography

In Ye Olde days of film cameras, the only things that changed with regards to technology were the lens quality and the mechanics of the camera itself, the shutter, the exposure system, the speed etc, the recording media (film or emulsion) hasn’t really changed too much over time, especially towards the end, not when you compare it to digital and its rapid advances.

They tried to miniaturise cameras with the 110 range as well as the appalling Kodak Disk cameras but nothing really caught on or excelled. Compare that to mobile camera phones now.

Things were easy then although I didn’t know it at the time.

You could have a top of the range pro SLR shooting Fujichrome Velvia and you were set for years. If the quality of the slide or film changed, you simply used that instead…no need to upgrade the camera.

How different things are now and where will it end? When will we see the introduction of cameras that have interchangeable and upgradeable sensors? Sure it goes against the research and development costs and the need to recoup them, but someone will do it, one day, mark my words!

After all, the Red One video system (Drooool) is simply a box of bolt on goodies (albeit an amazing and expensive one) that is completely future proof, every component is upgradeable so will DSLR’s follow suit?

Lately I have been asking myself, well not literally, that would make me quite mad, but I have been thinking about where photography is going…the photography that we know now. Is my career safe? The one I have been working on for over 25 years? The transition to digital from film was too much for many “die-hard” film photographers and they fell by the wayside in terms of keeping up in the business world.

Is it still possible for newcomers to this hobby/profession (and there are quite a few, believe me) to make a living from photography?

Technology is still moving at an alarming rate and new features and inventions that make our lives easier are appearing all the time, are these features that can make a career in photography accessible to anyone?

  • High resolution, high quality camera phones
  • Live view for DSLR’s
  • HDR (High Dynamic Range) to assist with high contrast scenarios and situations
  • Extremely high quality at high ISO
  • Rapid fire shutters and superb focussing systems that capture all the action
  • High definition video that shoots 60 x 12mp (5D equivalent) frames per second
  • All of the above becoming affordable to the masses

Also

  • Will there be a need for wedding photographers in 5-10 years?
  • Should I start thinking more about video and its possibilities as we enter and delve further into the high tech, high definition digital age?
  • What about stock photography? Will we one day have magazines and newspapers made from paper thin plasma that show moving images rather than stills?

So, will there be room and opportunities for more “professional photographers” in the future?

Absolutely! After all, everyone in the 18th Century could afford a paint brush but not just anyone could “Master” it!

Even with all of this technology coupled with the fact that DSLR sales are rising at an unfathomable rate, there are still factors required to make a good image, not just the ability to point-and-shoot your “Canonympusikontron Mark MCMLXXXVIII” camera and hope for the best:

  • The ability and patience to learn the fundamentals of photography
  • The patience to wait for that perfect nature shot or the perfect light for that stunning landscape
  • Taking the time to learn Photoshop, Lightroom or any other digital imaging program, almost a pre-requisite these days I am afraid!
  • The skill, professionalism and charm to acquire, understand and shoot the needs of the couple at a wedding
  • Taking time to understand light and composition and how it affects each and every photograph we take
  • Learning how to market and promote yourself to get started, and then continually re-invent yourself to keep a successful business operating

I remember talking to my wife a few of years ago about music. I was saying that I thought music will hit a kind of bottle-neck, or U-bend and start turning back on itself. I may be completely wrong but how far can music go?

We have had:

  • Sticks, bongos and bells
  • Classical
  • Rock
  • Jazz
  • Grunge, electro and all the other genres
  • A mixture of rock and classical as well as just about every other mix possible
  • A mixture of ancient tribal sounds with modern instruments proving that it is getting harder to create a “new” sound

What else is there? Now in 2007, we are seeing a huge surge of “back to basic” rock bands with simple guitar-drums-singer bands appearing more and more and becoming increasingly popular.

More bands from yesteryear are making comebacks from the likes of Take That from the 1990s to the amazing Led Zeppelin from the 1970s.

What is happening is that musicians now have to prove themselves as skilled artists once again and not just “mix it up” with some ropey old cover version, and I think this is what will happen with photography!

Sure, everyone is jumping on the band wagon and creating unreal/surreal/fake images with the use of their digital imaging programs and advertising companies and movie makers are making the most of this technology too.

Personally, I believe there will come a time where we will all crave that “pure” basic form of photography and film-making where you know damn well that the photographers or Videographers have studied, learned about and waited patiently to get the perfect shot.

Fake will become old news and reality will strike once again maybe.

I think that new photographers having the foresight to see these upcoming trends and maybe even influencing them will help many people achieve their goals in the photography world.

Already I am seeing some amazingly talented and realistic photographers emerge from all corners of the globe and it motivates me greatly and emphasizes the fact that photography as we know it is here to stay, much in the way that art, paintings and antiques will be around forever…I hope!

Regardless of where technology takes us, I think people will always have a penchant for beautiful things whether it is an old painting, a photograph, a video clip or holographic digital art…who knows?

Whereas the actual finished photograph will be around for years, will how we get that image stay the same or will we all be

  • …bursting off 1,000 high-resolution, 3 dimensional frames per second to capture the perfect shot in glorious 3D “without” the need for wearing those silly glasses?
  • Or sitting in the comfort of our homes whilst our camera is tethered to a Wi-Fi enabled device on the other side of the world that is operated from our laptop in the UK, so that we can shoot the perfect wildlife shot in Africa whilst watching the 47th series of “Lost” and munching on a bag of Maltesers?
  • Will the world and photographic stock libraries become saturated with images of business people shaking hands, or happy children running along the beach and will every city in the world be photographed to death from every angle?

So what is the Future of Photography? Ahhh who cares, I love it…now! Feel free to leave your comments below.

COMPOSITION & the ELEMENTS of VISUAL DESIGN

postMany photographers on purchasing a new camera are preoccupied with learning its various features and controls and no doubt, this is important in obtaining correctly exposed images and an appropriate depth of field. However, once the basic operation of the camera is mastered, one needs to direct their attention to seeing and composing effective images. Effective images are those that command attention and communicate some feeling to an audience. Capturing a “feeling” and your viewers’ attention is a demanding task that requires practice, experimentation and study. Studying the basic elements of visual design and understanding how they work will help new photographers improve their composition, but simply following rules does not guarantee success. Furthermore, how an audience responds to an image depends on their past experiences (memory), interests, and what it is that they are looking for. This is why the same picture often receives a variety of responses from different viewers. To create effective images a photographer must understand the way people respond to various kinds of visual organization. This involves learning the vocabulary of design, viewing examples of artwork that utilize effective design elements, and actively implementing components of design into the process of photography. 

Line

A line represents a “path” between two points. A line can be straight, curved, vertical, horizontal, diagonal, or zigzag. Lines imply motion and suggest direction or orientation. A line can also be implied, that is filled in by the mind when several points are positioned geometrically within a frame. Placing four dots on a page in the shape of a square can imply the points are linked as the mind searches for recognizable patterns. The direction and orientation of a line can also imply certain feelings. Horizontal lines imply tranquility and rest, whereas vertical lines imply power and strength. Oblique lines imply movement, action and change. Curved lines or S shaped lines imply quiet, calm and sensual feelings. Lines that converge imply depth, scale and distance – a fence or roadway converges into the distance provides the illusion that a flat two-dimensional image has three-dimensional depth. A line is an effective element of design because it can lead the viewer’s eye. To create more effective photographs actively look for lines and arrange them within your viewfinder to invoke specific feelings. 

Shape

Shapes are the result of closed lines. However shapes can be visible without lines when an artist establishes a color area or an arrangement of objects within the camera’s viewfinder. Some primary shapes include circles, squares, triangles and hexagons all of which appear in nature in some form or another. Space is defined and determined by shapes and forms. Positive space is where shapes and forms exist; negative space is the empty space around shapes and forms. For images to have a sense of balance positive and negative space can be used to counter balance each other. 

Form – Light & Dark

Form refers to the three-dimensional quality of an object, which is due in part to light, and dark areas. When light from a single direction (e.g. our sun) hits an object, part of the object is in shadow. Light and dark areas within an image provide contrast that can suggest volume. Factors that can affect our feelings towards an image include the direction of the light source, from above or below, and the gentleness or abruptness of the half tones. Light coming from behind a subject can form a silhouette resulting in object that is completely black against a lighter colored background. Silhouettes appear as two-dimensional shapes lacking form. The absence of color often enhances our perception of form for instance in black and white photographs. Light emitted from above and to the side when applied to portraits creates what is often referred to as “Rembrandt lighting”. This form of lighting emphasizes edges and depth. In landscape photography oblique lighting occurs early and late in the day where it enhances the natural texture of the landscape and is often accompanied by warm or cool color casts. 

Color

There has been a tremendous amount of research on how color affects human beings and some of this research suggests that men and women may respond to colors differently. Color affects us emotionally, with different colors evoking different emotions. In short color has the capacity to affect the human nervous system.